Founded in 1962 by Professor Wong Hock Boon, fondly known as the Father of Paediatrics in Singapore, the Department of Paediatrics has a strong and firm foundation in teaching and research, which translates into good clinical care.

The department's principal teaching facility is at the Khoo Teck Puat-National University Children's Medical Institute (KTP-NUCMI) at the National University Hospital (NUH).

Through structured teaching and training programmes, the department (together with KTP-NUCMI) provides paediatric training at the under-graduate and post-graduate levels to young doctors from Singapore and from the region.

Apart from providing medical education in paediatrics, the department is also committed to the advancement of paediatric scientific research in Singapore and the Southeast Asia region. The department's key research areas include cancer, genetics, immunology, metabolic diseases and cardiac health as well as studies on disease trends, health outcomes and neurocognitive development problems.