Department of Orthopaedic Surgery

Em Prof Robert PHO Wan Heng


Academic Appointment:

  • Emeritus Professor
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
    Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
    National University of Singapore


Clinical Appointment:

  • Emeritus Consultant
    Department of Hand & Reconstructive Microsurgery
    University Orthopaedics, Hand & Reconstructive Microsurgery Cluster
    National University Health System, Singapore



  • M.B.B.S., University of Sydney, Australia
  • F.R.C.S. (Edinburgh), Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • M.D., University of Sydney, Australia


Research Areas of Interests

  • Basic Research
    • Natural history of free vascularised bone graft as against conventional bone graft - experimentalstudies in rats.
    • Experimental studies of vascularised and non-vascularised nerve graft transplant in rats.
    • Free flap dissection in the forearm, leg and trunk with emphasis on osteocutaneous bone graft.
    • Micro-circulation in periarterial sympathectomy in rats.
    • Micro-circulation in heel flap, plantar fascia, calcaneum and talus.
    • Bone remodelling and bone strength in vascularised bone graft in dogs.
    • Biomechanical assessment of ankle and knee stability following fibula resection.
    • Foetal allograft.
    • Bone remodelling in foetus.
    • Foetal limb transplant.
  • Clinical Research
    • Degloving injury of ankle in motorcycle accidents.
    • Total hip joint replacement in patients with renal transplant.
    • Vascularised bone graft in non-union of fracture scaphoid.
    • Limb preservation in bone tumour resection and reconstruction.
    • Behaviour of free vascularised bone transplant after radiotherapy.
    • Treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of tibia.
    • Limb preservation in post-traumatic problematic non-union with large bony defect.
    • Microcirculation in skin and bone.
    • Bioengineering concepts in orthopaedic surgery.
    • Development of below elbow
    • Brachial plexus injuries


Selected Research Projects

  • 3D visualisation of the microanatomy of the fingertip
  • Angiogenesis in osteosarcoma


Selected Publications

Em. Prof Robert Pho's Publication List (external site)